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2017~ 50 Years On, U.S. Presidents Still Seek Elusive Peace To A 6-Day War

2017-06-09 14:14 [NEWS] Source:Netword
Guide:With Arab armies massed on its frontiers, Israel unleashed a lightning strike on June 5, 1967. Donald Trump is now the 10th president seeking a lasting

2017~ 50 Years On, U.S. Presidents Still Seek Elusive Peace To A 6-Day War

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Israeli soldiers search Arab prisoners as Israeli forces take over the Old City in East Jerusalem on June 8, 1967, during the Arab-Israeli Six-Day War. Just 11 days after the war ended, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson offered the first of many peace proposals by U.S. presidents over the past half-century. AP hide caption

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2017~ 50 Years On, U.S. Presidents Still Seek Elusive Peace To A 6-Day War

Israeli soldiers search Arab prisoners as Israeli forces take over the Old City in East Jerusalem on June 8, 1967, during the Arab-Israeli Six-Day War. Just 11 days after the war ended, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson offered the first of many peace proposals by U.S. presidents over the past half-century.

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The guns had just gone silent in the Arab-Israeli war of 1967 when U.S. President Lyndon Johnson jumped in to play the role of peacemaker. Just 11 days after the Six-Day War, Johnson went to the State Department and laid out a plan.

"Our country is committed to a peace that is based on five principles," Johnson told a hall packed with American diplomats.

His principles were broad. They included "justice for the refugees," "limits on the wasteful and destructive arms race" and "political independence and territorial integrity for all."

Johnson's proposals didn't go very far, but he established the tradition of U.S. presidents attempting to broker a lasting peace to a seismic war that has shaped the Middle East to this day.

With Arab armies massed on its frontiers, Israel unleashed a lightning strike on June 5, 1967, defeating the combined forces of Egypt, Jordan and Syria, and tripling the amount of land under Israeli control.

Israel drove Egyptian forces out of the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip, where Egypt had authority over Gaza's Palestinian population. The Jordanians were pushed out of east Jerusalem and the rest of the West Bank, areas where the population was also Palestinian. And the Syrians were forced from the Golan Heights.

In less than a week, the Mideast suddenly looked very different.

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Israel, which had feared for its existence, instantly became the region's leading military power. The grandiose promises by Arab leaders, who pledged to destroy Israel, rang hollow. And the region was locked in a state of confrontation that remains unresolved.

Over the past half-century, Israel has made peace with Egypt and Jordan. But the Israeli feud with the Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank grinds on, and Israel still holds the Golan Heights it took from Syria.

Shortly before he visited the Mideast last month, President Trump said he thought he could make peace between Israelis and Palestinians — "something that I think is, frankly, maybe not as difficult as people have thought over the years," Trump said.

His predecessors might disagree.

The Arabs and the Israelis fought another war in 1973, though it ended with no significant changes to the battle lines. The following year, Richard Nixon became the first sitting president to visit Israel.

"The road ahead is difficult," Nixon said as he touched down at Israel's Ben-Gurion Airport near Tel Aviv.

2017~ 50 Years On, U.S. Presidents Still Seek Elusive Peace To A 6-Day War

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President Jimmy Carter hosts Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (left) and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin (right) at Camp David, Md., in 1978. They reached a historic peace deal, the first ever between Israel and one of its Arab neighbors. AP hide caption

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2017~ 50 Years On, U.S. Presidents Still Seek Elusive Peace To A 6-Day War

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